Upwork PHOTOGRAPHY CERTIFICATION 2016

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1. What two processes had to be “discovered” before the art of Photography was truly born?
Answers:
  1. Optical
  2. Digital
  3. Chemical
  4. Studio
2. What does “Framing” an image refer to?
Answers:
  1. Following the rule of thirds
  2. Positioning of the subject in relation to other image elements
  3. Centering the subject in the frame
  4. Adding lights to the subject
3. Which lens would be considered “normal” on a 35mm film or equivalent full frame digital camera?
Answers:
  1. 85mm
  2. 50mm
  3. 24mm
  4. 105mm
4. If the proper exposure at ISO 800 is f5.6 at 1/250, the proper exposure at ISO 100 would be f5.6 at __________.
Answers:
  1. 1/2000
  2. 1/30
  3. 1/125
  4. 1/1000
5. Copal is a type of __________.
Answers:
  1. lens
  2. camera
  3. flash
  4. shutter
6. What does the guide number of a flash describe?
Answers:
  1. How many f stops it can be used with
  2. Its output with a set reflector
  3. How close it can be placed to the subject
  4. What shutter speeds it can be used with
7. A butterfly is a name for __________
Answers:
  1. an A clamp.
  2. a grid for a soft box.
  3. a light stand with a boom arm.
  4. a large diffusion frame and fabric.
8. The “circle of confusion” is a term related to determining the __________.
Answers:
  1. angle of view
  2. shutter speed setting
  3. maximum aperture
  4. depth of the field
9. Images saved as jpegs are saved with lossless compression.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
10. Which is the hardest type of light to achieve pleasing images in?
Answers:
  1. Early evening light
  2. Diffused light
  3. Midday light
  4. Early morning light
11. A reversal film is also referred to as a __________
Answers:
  1. negative film.
  2. slide or transparency film.
  3. black and white film.
  4. lithographic film.
12. A color that can’t be reproduced in the final image is called __________.
Answers:
  1. saturated
  2. high key
  3. process
  4. out of gamut
13. When using a flash on most cameras, using too high a shutter speed will result in_________.
Answers:
  1. stopping the action.
  2. overexposed images.
  3. dark cut off section.
  4. excess noise/grain.
14. Chromatic aberration is the inability of a lens to focus __________ on a single point.
Answers:
  1. gradations.
  2. edges.
  3. images.
  4. colors.
15. In a 300mm 2.8 lens, the number 2.8 refers to __________
Answers:
  1. the aperture range of the lens.
  2. the number of glass elements in the lens.
  3. the maximum aperture for the lens.
  4. the size of the filter thread for that lens.
16. A scrim is used to __________
Answers:
  1. lower the intensity of the light.
  2. concentrate the light.
  3. diffuse the light.
  4. reflect the light.
17. What does shallow depth of field mean?
Answers:
  1. That there is a limited area of focus in which to place items.
  2. That items are placed close together on the set.
  3. That all items are blurry, showing action.
  4. That items in both the background and foreground are in focus.
18. When shooting with a view camera at infinity, the bellows extension factor would be __________.
Answers:
  1. 2
  2. 1.5
  3. 0
  4. .75
19. Another name for a medium format camera would be __________.
Answers:
  1. 6×6
  2. 120 mm
  3. 6×7
  4. Any of the three
20. Which lens is generally considered the best for taking high quality, natural looking portraits on a 35mm film or “full frame” digital camera?
Answers:
  1. 24mm f 2
  2. 300mm f2.8
  3. 85mm f1.8
  4. 35-70 f 2.8-4
21. On a zoom lens, 3.5-5.6 means it has __________
Answers:
  1. only two levels of zoom.
  2. a variable maximum aperture.
  3. it’s a prime lens.
  4. it stops down to 5.6.
22. Moire is caused when there is an interaction between __________ in a subject and the pixels that make up the digital image.
Answers:
  1. colors
  2. curves
  3. patterns
  4. skin tones
23. Using a longer lens will __________
Answers:
  1. make the subject smaller in the frame.
  2. exaggerate the features of the subject.
  3. compress the features of the subject.
  4. show more of the background in the frame.
24. A lighting ratio of 1:1 will produce an image that is __________.
Answers:
  1. dramatic
  2. dark
  3. flat
  4. bright
25. Vignetting is __________
Answers:
  1. low key lighting
  2. dark corners on an image.
  3. high key lighting
  4. soft edges on an image.
26. A “catchlight” is __________
Answers:
  1. a highlight in a subject’s eye.
  2. the main light.
  3. the fill light.
  4. red eye.
27. The smallest element in a digital image is ______.
Answers:
  1. a megabyte
  2. a pixel
  3. a grain
  4. a color array
28. Bit depth refers to __________
Answers:
  1. the value difference between adjacent pixels.
  2. the total number of pixels of a certain color that are in an image.
  3. the amount of color that can be rendered by averaging pixels.
  4. the amount of color that can be rendered by a single pixel.
29. The coatings on a lens are designed to increase image quality by __________
Answers:
  1. polarizing the light.
  2. reducing reflections from the surface of the glass.
  3. reducing the amount of blue light.
  4. redirecting the light in uniform wavelengths.
30. RAW means that when an image is saved to the camera’s memory, it is saved_____________
Answers:
  1. is saved as a JPEG and a TIFF.
  2. is saved as a TIFF with lossless compression.
  3. remains unprocessed by the camera software.
  4. is saved as a TIFF without compression.
31. The amount of energy a capacitor in a power pack can store is called watt seconds.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
32. A shutter speed of ½ of a second or longer should be used when hand holding a camera.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
33. If you change your shutter speed from 1/60 to 1/250, you need to change your aperture from f11 to _____ to keep your exposure the same.
Answers:
  1. f2.8
  2. f16
  3. f1.4
  4. f5.6
34. A lens that focuses light using concentric glass rings is called a/an __________ lens.
Answers:
  1. elemental
  2. compound
  3. linear
  4. fresnel
35. Images that are considered editorial can be described as __________
Answers:
  1. images that are edited.
  2. images that are not designed to sell a particular item or idea.
  3. images that need to be edited.
  4. images that will impress the editor.
36. Bracketing is a term used to describe __________
Answers:
  1. shooting multiple images to make a panorama.
  2. shooting multiple exposures of the same image.
  3. shooting multiple angles of a subject.
  4. None of the above.
37. What problem can you often have when a subject is backlit?
Answers:
  1. Underexposed subjects
  2. Blurry photos
  3. Oversaturated subjects
  4. Overexposed subjects
38. In architectural Photography it is important to __________
Answers:
  1. shoot the whole room.
  2. keep the building centered.
  3. keep verticals parallel.
  4. place people in the room.
39. In order to prevent red eye that often happens in flash photography, it is best to__________
Answers:
  1. move your light off the camera axis.
  2. shoot in a darkened room.
  3. use a ring light.
  4. set the flash to a lower power setting.
40. Each photodiode or pixel on a standard digital chip can record all three of the colors used in digital photography.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
41. A candid approach to wedding Photography can also be called the photojournalistic style.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
42. Kelvin degrees represent the __________ of a source of light.
Answers:
  1. color temperature
  2. light intensity
  3. watt second rating
  4. flash duration
43. Extension tubes will change __________
Answers:
  1. the number of apertures on a lens.
  2. the focal length of a lens.
  3. the number of glass elements a lens has.
  4. how close to a subject a lens can focus.
44. What do F-stops really refer to?
Answers:
  1. How much light you let into the camera
  2. How tightly you focus your camera
  3. Your use of action and how it affects your photos
  4. Nothing.
45. Computer monitors use both the RGB and CMYK color spaces.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
46. Sharpening settings used when processing images should vary depending on the subject.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
47. A gray card used to determine proper exposure reflects __________ of the light that strikes it?
Answers:
  1. 18%
  2. 6%
  3. 45%
  4. 63%
48. What effect does putting a grid or honeycomb on a light source have?
Answers:
  1. It diffuses the light.
  2. It intensifies the light.
  3. It narrows the spread of the light.
  4. It reflects the light.
49. What does the Rule of Thirds refers to?
Answers:
  1. Bracketing in 1/3rd stops
  2. Placement of elements in the image
  3. Distance of the subject from the background
  4. All of the above
50. Incident light meters work by reading the light that reflects off of a subject.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
51. The higher the f-stop number, the more the light allowed into the camera.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
52. What does saturated color refer to?
Answers:
  1. Hazy, dark colors
  2. Bright, brilliant colors
  3. Colors in blush tones
  4. Colors that are false and are brought on through the use of lights and filters
53. To get the most accurate colors, you should __________
Answers:
  1. set your white balance setting to auto.
  2. use a gray card or diffusion filter to set the correct balance.
  3. use the camera’s preset for a given light source.
  4. shoot only in one type of light.
54. When undiffused, a strobe light and a tungsten light will generally produce the same quality of light.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
55. Light travels in a straight line until it is __________
Answers:
  1. refracted.
  2. curved.
  3. reflected.
  4. refracted or curved.
56. Diffused light is created in a photo studio through the use of screens and large light sources.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
57. When working in digital editing software, sharpening is achieved by increasing the contrast between __________
Answers:
  1. adjacent pixels.
  2. the subject and the background.
  3. distinct colors.
  4. the background and the foreground.
58. What might you do to add drama and interest to an image taken in snow?
Answers:
  1. Find a source of bright color
  2. Move the subject into some shade
  3. Shoot mainly in the middle of the day
  4. Place your subject between the sun and yourself
59. The inverse square law is used in reference to __________
Answers:
  1. the depth of the field.
  2. shutter speed settings.
  3. the intensity of light that reaches a subject.
  4. aperture settings.
60. A prime lens is also called a __________.
Answers:
  1. zoom lens
  2. telephoto lens
  3. fixed focal length lens
  4. wide angle lens
61. The step pattern seen on an enlarged digital photographic image is called __________.
Answers:
  1. Vectorization
  2. Aliasing
  3. Axis lines
  4. Anti-aliased
62. What do polarizing filters help you to remove from or reduce in your photos?
Answers:
  1. Infrared light
  2. Dark shadows
  3. Reflections
  4. Sunlight
63. Flash or strobe is considered an artificial light.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
64. The features called swing and tilt are available on most high end 35mm and equivalent digital cameras.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
65. Fake walls used on Photography sets are often referred to as __________.
Answers:
  1. screens
  2. scrims
  3. gobos
  4. flats
66. A view camera differs from other cameras in that it can control __________.
Answers:
  1. perspective
  2. the depth of the field
  3. neither perspective or the depth of the field
  4. both perspective and the depth of the field
67. Where is the final image in a digital camera stored?
Answers:
  1. In the buffer
  2. In the acetate
  3. In the memory card or stick
  4. In the CCD
68. If an image is overexposed, which of the following would most likely be the cause?
Answers:
  1. Shooting at the aperture setting of 5.6
  2. Moving to a higher aperture number
  3. Shooting at a shutter speed of 1/125
  4. Moving to a lower aperture number
69. Images produced by digital cameras are __________.
Answers:
  1. vector based
  2. halftone
  3. duotone
  4. raster based
70. Using a larger aperture will result in _________
Answers:
  1. more depth of field.
  2. longer exposures.
  3. less depth of field.
  4. all of the above.
71. In lighting, modeling means you are __________
Answers:
  1. keeping the light close to the axis of the camera.
  2. turning the lights on and off to see the effect a light will have.
  3. creating a three dimensional effect or depth in your image.
  4. having your subject pose in a particular manner.
72. TTL stands for __________.
Answers:
  1. Table Top Lighting
  2. Through the Lens
  3. Traditional Tungsten Lighting
  4. Temporary Time Lag
73. The word noise is to digital Photography as __________ is to a film.
Answers:
  1. hue
  2. grain
  3. pixel
  4. saturation
74. Another name for a key light is __________.
Answers:
  1. hot light
  2. back light
  3. main light
  4. ring light
75. Aerial perspective is __________
Answers:
  1. shooting from a high vantage point
  2. shooting up from a low vantage point.
  3. the effect of atmosphere on distant subjects.
  4. shooting from a plane.
76. Digital Photography has eliminated the need to get a good exposure.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
77. Banding or posterization in a digital image is caused when there isn’t enough information to reproduce different shades of color.
Answers:
  1. True
  2. False
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